What is Stem Cell Therapy
What are Stem Cell
Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. stem cell can divide to produce more stem cells. Stem cells are found in multicellular organisms.
Types Of Stem Cell
There are two broad types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells. Stem Cells are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues. In adult organisms, stem cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, replenishing adult tissues.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy is a set of techniques that aim to replace cells damaged or destroyed by disease with healthy functioning ones. The techniques themselves are still relatively new but their applications and benefits are broad. Some other diseases can treated by stem cell therapy.
- Parkinson’s disease
- Various injuries (e.g. spinal cord)
- Eye diseases
Benefits of Current Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy is still experimental, researchers have found the treatments promising for many diseases. Bone marrow stem cells, for example, are used to replace blood cells in people suffering from leukaemia and other cancers. Burn victims are also benefiting from stem cell therapy, which allows for new skin cells to be grafted as a replacement for damaged ones. New healthy cells can also be grown to treat eye diseases as well as replace dysfunctional tissues.
The ultimate goal of stem cell therapy is to replace unhealthy cells with healthy ones and to do so efficiently, allowing proper cell functioning in the human body. In addition, the potential uses for stem cell therapy continue to grow as we learn more about the process whereby a healthy cell becomes a diseased one.
Working Of Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells are either extracted from adult tissue or from a dividing zygote in a culture dish. Once extracted, scientists place the cells in a controlled culture that prohibits them from further specializing or differentiating but usually allows them to divide and replicate.
The process of growing large numbers of embryonic stem cells has been easier than growing large numbers of adult stem cells, but progress is being made for both cell types.
This growing stem cells are placed on effected area of wound, burn or any other part of body for cure. Stem Cells grows up and cure the effected area.
If any person face a serious road accident, his one eye is partiality damage.In that condition doctor take the healthy stem cell from his other eye. Stem Cell culture grown in laboratory. After growth stem cell grafted in damaged eye.Grafted stem cell bounded with wound and multiply growth of healthy cell and veins.